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2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT



INTRODUCTION-

The adoption of 'Transforming our World: The Sustainable Development Agenda 2030' by the United Nations Summit on 25 September 2015 provides the UN as a whole and ILO in particular with an important opportunity to support. In their commitment to ambitious sustainable development objectives, Member States (SDGs). This reflects broad consensus on a broad range of priorities that are urgent and interrelated. Included in the integrated and transformative framework of the2030 Agenda, the Organization has a responsibility to take full and active part in implementing the SDGs, including by incorporating significant elements from the ILO decent work agenda. Support for sustainable development strategies at the national level. ILO-wide effort is needed to ensure that the 2030 Implementation Plan succeeds to the major challenges. The OIC has to be prepared to provide a good integrated role as a strong player in the UN team at national, regional and global levels. Political advice and effective programmes for development cooperation based on the rules Tripartite system and methods of working.


‘DECENT WORK IS NOT JUST A GOAL –IT IS A DRIVER OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ More people in decent employment means stronger economic growth and more inclusive. Enhanced growth means more resources for decent employment. This is a very simple equation, but one which was largely disregarded both before and after the financial crisis in international policymaking. This is a once in a generation opportunity to make changes and improve the lives of the billions with the 2030 Sustainable Development Programme. Decent work places money in people's and families' pockets which can be spent on the local economy. The supply chain power drives sustainable businesses, especially smaller businesses, to grow and develop, which in turn are able to recruit more people and improve their salaries and terms. It increases tax revenues for governments who then are able to finance social measures to protect those who are not able to find a job or work. The four pillars of the ILO Decent Working Agenda, gender as a cross-cutting theme, are promoting jobs and enterprise, safeguarding labour rights, extending social protection and promoting social dialogue. These are essential if the whole agenda for sustainable development is to be promoted. Decent labour reduces inequality and increases resilience for everyone. Social dialog-developed policies help people and communities to face the impact of climate change while facilitating the transition to a more sustainable economy. More importantly: a decent job creates and maintains social peace through dignity, hope and a sense of social justice.

‘Agenda 2030 places decent work for all, and the ILO’s mandate and purpose of social justice, at the heart of policies for sustainable and inclusive growth and development.’

Since the financial crisis of 2008, several countries have come back to, or maintained, growth. But it was unemployed growth too often. Our economies do better, but there are no more chances for people to find decent work. It's not lasting. By 2030 more than 600 million new jobs are required to stay in keeping with the growth of the workforce. This amounts to about 40 million annually. The 780 million men and women working but not earning enough to get their family out of USD 2 a day's poverty, we also need to improve the circumstances.

In placing jobs at the heart of economic policy-making and development plans, not only will decent work opportunities increase, but also stronger, more inclusive and poverty-saving growth become more visible.

Those who have invested most in quality jobs in early 2000s have grown almost one percentage point annually since 2007 among developing and emerging countries and experienced lower income gaps.

Employment-centered economic growth creates a virtuous circle that benefits the economy as much as it is human and drives sustainable development.

CAUSES-

‘Decent job creation in small businesses’

Encouragement of development-based policies supporting productive activities, decent job creation, business activity, creativity and innovation, and the formalisation and growth of micro, small and medium-sized businesses through access to financial services.

What must be done-

• Small companies need to be supported in the coming years as labour markets transform and entrepreneurship increases. Policies in terms of size, structure and sector should reflect and respond to the diversity of new companies.

• Financial access and the right conditions to allow companies to flourish should be facilitated. Working conditions and helping MSMEs move to the formal economy should be improved.

‘Decent work for all’

By 2030, achieve full and productive jobs and decent work for all women and men, including young people and disabled people, and equal pay for equal value work

What must be done-

  • priority should be given to macroeconomic policies to support job creation and investment demand along with taxation, infrastructure and sectoral policy to improve productivity.

  • Policies should be adopted in order to promote businesses and small businesses in order to boost credit flows while fostering the transition from informal to formal.

  • The implementation of policies centred on people to reduce inequalities is required. These include measures for social protection, wage policies, increased inspection of workforce, increased participation of women in the labour market and protection of collective negotiations.

  • Policies must be implemented to help women enter the workforce and enable them to take advantage of fair maternity and family-related work policy.

‘Youth employment’

The proportion of youth who do not work, education or training decreases substantially by 2020

What must be done-

  • Develop youth employment strategy balanced with targeted interventions like employment search assistance or measures to support young entrepreneurs in an integrated strategy for growth and job creation.

  • Address skills inappropriate by ensuring that training programmes satisfy needs on the labour market and by introducing vocational technical education and training components of work experience.

  • Invest in innovative forms of social protection for workers in vulnerable jobs, in order to improve income security.

‘Forced labour and child labour’

Take immediate and effective action to eliminate forced labour, stop modern slavery and human trafficking and ensure that child labour, including recruitment and use of infant soldiers, is prohibited and abolished by 2025 in all forms of child labour.

What must be done-

  • The national level must implement international labour standards – which provide a strong framework to tackle children and forced labour.

  • There is a need for a multifaceted approach to ending child labour, including legislation, children's access to education, family social protection and labour market policy.

  • A national ratification is required for the 2014 ILO Protocol on forced labour that includes measures to address modern forms of slavery.

‘Safety and health at work’

Protect workers' rights and promote safe and secure labour environment for all workers, especially migrants and precarious workers, including migrant workers

What must be done-

  • There is an urgent need for action to develop a global prevention culture which respects both employers and workers' rights and responsibilities in a safe and safe working environment.

  • It is vital that the basic rights and standards of the ILO are implemented at national level. Vulnerable groups, including migrants, need special attention to guarantee the protection of their rights and to improve their working conditions

Sustainable Development Goals


End poverty in all its forms everywhere

  • Eradicate extreme poverty by 2030, measured at less than $1.25 a day for all people everywhere.

  • By 2030, to reduce, according to the national definitions, at least half the percentage of men, women and children living in poverty

  • Implementing social protection systems nationally appropriate

  • Ensure equal rights, including microfinance, for all men and women, to financial resources

  • By 2030, resilience to and risk of extreme climate-related events and further economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters is increased, while exposure to these and their vulnerability is reduced.

  • To establish good national, regional and international policies based on gender-sensitive development strategies in order to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication activities at national, regional and international levels.

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

  • The small-scale food producers double their farm productivity and income

  • Implement resilient farming practises to enhance productivity and production

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

  • The AIDS epidemic will end by 2030.

  • Achieving universal coverage of health

  • By 2030, the number of deaths and diseases resulting from dangerous chemicals, air, water, soil and contamination is significantly reduced.

Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning

  • By 2030, the number of youth and adults having skills relevant for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship will increase substantially, including technical and vocational skills,

  • Eliminating gender disparities in education and ensuring equal access to education at all levels

  • By 2020 the number of scholarships available for higher education to developing countries, including vocational training, will be significantly expanded worldwide.

  • The supply of qualified teachers will increase considerably by 2030.

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

  • Eliminate all forms of discrimination against all girls and women

  • Eliminate all kinds of public and private violence and trafficking in all women and girls

  • To recognise and value unpaid care and housework by providing public services and social protection policies and promoting common responsibility, as appropriate at the national level, within households and the family.

  • Ensure full and effective participation and equal leadership opportunities at all political, economic, and public decision-making levels

  • Reform the equality of women's economic resources

  • Adopt and enforce strong policies to promote equality between women and girls at all levels, including the empowerment of women and girls.

Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

  • Improve water quality by 2030, reduce pollution, eliminate dumping and minimise releases of hazardous chemicals and materials, halve wastewater share, and significantly increase recycling and safe use worldwide.

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

  • Universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services shall be guaranteed by 2030.

  • The share of renewable energy in the global energy mix will increase significantly by 2030.

  • Expansion of infrastructure and upgrades in the supply of modern, sustainable energy services in all the developing countries by 2030 in accordance with their respective support programmes, particularly for the least advanced countries, the small island developing countries and the land-locked developing countries.

  1. Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all

  • Sustainable economic growth per capita in line with domestic conditions and in particular gross domestic product growth of at least 7 percent per annum in least-developed countries

  • To achieve increased levels of economic productivity through diversification, upgrading of technology and innovation, including by focusing on high added value and labour-intensive sectors

  • Encourage development-oriented policies to support productive activities, decent employment creation, enterprise, creativity and innovation and encourage formalisation and growth in micro, SMEs, including by access to financial services.

  • In the 10-year framework of sustainable consumption and production programmes the world's consumption and manufacturing resources will be improved progressively by 2030, with the development of developed nations leading the way, in accordance with the ten-year framework

  • By 2030 full and productive work will be achieved and all women and men, including young people and people with disabilities will have decent work, equal pay for equal value work.

  • The proportion of young people who are not employed, educated or formed is considerably reduced by 2020

  • Take immediate and effective actions to end forced labour, end modern slavery and trafficking and to ensure that child labour is banned and eliminated, including the use and recruitment of child soldiers and, by 2025, that all forms of child labour are finalised.

  • Protect labour rights and promote safe, secure work environments for all workers, especially migrant workers and precarious workers

  • Devising and implementing sustainable tourism policies that generate jobs and promote local culture and products by 2030.

  • Encouraging and expanding access for all to banking, insurance and financial services of domestic financial institutions

  • Increasing Aid for Trade Support to developing countries, particularly LDC countries, including via the Improved Integrated Trade Assistance Framework to LDCs

  • Under 2020, the International Labour Organisation's Global Jobs Pact is developed and operationalised, and implemented

Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient economic and human wellbeing infrastructure

  • Encourage inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and raise the employment share of the industry significantly

  • Enhance access to financial services, value chains of small industrial and other enterprises

Reduce inequality within and among countries

  • Strengthening and sustaining growth of revenues of the bottom of 40% of the population

  • Enabling and supporting social, economic and political inclusiveness of all, regardless of the age, gender, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or the economy or any other status.

  • Adopt policies, in particular fiscal, social and salary policies, and progressively promote equality between men and women

  • Improve regulation, monitoring and implementation of global financial markets and institutions

  • Ensuring enhanced representation and voice in decision-making of developing countries in global financial and economic institutions to provide more efficient, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions

  • Facilitate regular, safe and accountable migration

  • Reduce the transaction costs of migrant transfers to less than 3% by 2030 and eliminate transfers with costs greater than 5%

  1. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

  • Ensure access to suitable, safe and economic housing and basic services for everybody by 2030.

  • Ensure access to all transport systems secure, affordable, accessible and sustainable

  • Promoting the development of sustainable and resistant buildings using local resources in least developed countries

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

  • The 10-year framework of sustainable consumption and production programmes is implemented

  • Achieving environmental sound management of chemicals and waste in line with agreed international frameworks throughout its entire life cycle by 2020 and significantly reducing its release into air, water and soil in order to minimise its adverse effect on human health and environment

  • Encourage companies to adopt sustainable practises and incorporate information about sustainability into their reporting cycle

  • support developing countries in enhancing their scientific and technological capabilities to move towards sustainable consumer and production patterns.

  • Develop and implement sustainable tourism impact monitoring tools to create jobs for sustainable tourism

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

  • Strengthening climate hazards and natural disasters resilience and capacity adaptability in all countries

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

  • Regulate harvest and end overfishing effectively, illegal fishing, unreported fishing and unregulated

  • Prohibit certain forms of subsidy for fisheries that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, remove subsidies that contribute to illegal, unregulated and non-regulated fishing by 2020

  • The sustainable use of marine resources, including by sustainable fishing, aquaculture, and tourism management, will increase economic benefits for Small Island developing and least developed States by 2030

Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

  • Mobilize important resources at all sources to finance sustainable forest management at all levels

Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies

  • Ending abuse of children and all forms of violence and torture by the exploitation, trafficking and trafficking. 16.3 Ensure the rule of legislation at national and international level and ensures that everyone has equal access to justice.

  • Ensuring that decision making at all levels responsive, integrated, participatory and representative

  • Enlarge and reinforce developing countries' participation in global governance institutions

  • Ensure public access to information in compliance with international agreements and protect fundamental freedoms

  • Strengthen national institutions relevant to the prevention and fight against violence and terrorism, including international cooperation, for capacity building at all levels.

  • Promoting and enforcing non-discriminatory sustainable development laws and policies

Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

  • Strengthen international support for effective and targeted capacity building implementation in developing countries

  • Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including coordination of policies and consistency of policies

  • Sustainable development policy coherence improved

  • Encouragement and promotion of effective partnerships between public, public and private sectors and civil society

  • Enhance support for developing countries in capacity building to improve high-quality, timely, and reliable data

CONCLUSION-

“A universal world of respect for human rights and human rights, rule of law, justice, equal treatment and non-discrimination" is part of the UN 2030 Agenda. The Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the International Treaties on Human Rights underlines all States' responsibility to respect, protect and promote human rights. Empowerment of women and vulnerable groups such as children, young people, disabled people, elderly people, refugees, internally displaced people, and migrants is strongly emphasised. The 2030 Agenda, applies to all nations. It calls on all nations to take action on climatic conditions, to reduce unemployment, to increase equality between men and women and to promote peaceful societies. As evidenced by the statement from the Prime Minister and other senior ministers at national and international meetings, the Government of India is firmly committed to the 2030 Agenda, including the SDGs. The national development objectives of India and their so-called "sab ka saath, sab ka vikas" or "development with all and for all" will be well aligned with the SDGs, and India will be a leader in determining the success of the SDGs globally. These goals reflect our evolving understanding of the social, economic and environmental relations that defines our lives was said by The Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

REFERENCES

SANYA CHOUDHARY


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