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2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT



INTRODUCTION-

The adoption of 'Transforming our World: The Sustainable Development Agenda 2030' by the United Nations Summit on 25 September 2015 provides the UN as a whole and ILO in particular with an important opportunity to support. In their commitment to ambitious sustainable development objectives, Member States (SDGs). This reflects broad consensus on a broad range of priorities that are urgent and interrelated. Included in the integrated and transformative framework of the2030 Agenda, the Organization has a responsibility to take full and active part in implementing the SDGs, including by incorporating significant elements from the ILO decent work agenda. Support for sustainable development strategies at the national level. ILO-wide effort is needed to ensure that the 2030 Implementation Plan succeeds to the major challenges. The OIC has to be prepared to provide a good integrated role as a strong player in the UN team at national, regional and global levels. Political advice and effective programmes for development cooperation based on the rules Tripartite system and methods of working.


‘DECENT WORK IS NOT JUST A GOAL –IT IS A DRIVER OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ More people in decent employment means stronger economic growth and more inclusive. Enhanced growth means more resources for decent employment. This is a very simple equation, but one which was largely disregarded both before and after the financial crisis in international policymaking. This is a once in a generation opportunity to make changes and improve the lives of the billions with the 2030 Sustainable Development Programme. Decent work places money in people's and families' pockets which can be spent on the local economy. The supply chain power drives sustainable businesses, especially smaller businesses, to grow and develop, which in turn are able to recruit more people and improve their salaries and terms. It increases tax revenues for governments who then are able to finance social measures to protect those who are not able to find a job or work. The four pillars of the ILO Decent Working Agenda, gender as a cross-cutting theme, are promoting jobs and enterprise, safeguarding labour rights, extending social protection and promoting social dialogue. These are essential if the whole agenda for sustainable development is to be promoted. Decent labour reduces inequality and increases resilience for everyone. Social dialog-developed policies help people and communities to face the impact of climate change while facilitating the transition to a more sustainable economy. More importantly: a decent job creates and maintains social peace through dignity, hope and a sense of social justice.

‘Agenda 2030 places decent work for all, and the ILO’s mandate and purpose of social justice, at the heart of policies for sustainable and inclusive growth and development.’

Since the financial crisis of 2008, several countries have come back to, or maintained, growth. But it was unemployed growth too often. Our economies do better, but there are no more chances for people to find decent work. It's not lasting. By 2030 more than 600 million new jobs are required to stay in keeping with the growth of the workforce. This amounts to about 40 million annually. The 780 million men and women working but not earning enough to get their family out of USD 2 a day's poverty, we also need to improve the circumstances.

In placing jobs at the heart of economic policy-making and development plans, not only will decent work opportunities increase, but also stronger, more inclusive and poverty-saving growth become more visible.

Those who have invested most in quality jobs in early 2000s have grown almost one percentage point annually since 2007 among developing and emerging countries and experienced lower income gaps.

Employment-centered economic growth creates a virtuous circle that benefits the economy as much as it is human and drives sustainable development.

CAUSES-

‘Decent job creation in small businesses’

Encouragement of development-based policies supporting productive activities, decent job creation, business activity, creativity and innovation, and the formalisation and growth of micro, small and medium-sized businesses through access to financial services.

What must be done-

• Small companies need to be supported in the coming years as labour markets transform and entrepreneurship increases. Policies in terms of size, structure and sector should reflect and respond to the diversity of new companies.

• Financial access and the right conditions to allow companies to flourish should be facilitated. Working conditions and helping MSMEs move to the formal economy should be improved.

‘Decent work for all’

By 2030, achieve full and productive jobs and decent work for all women and men, including young people and disabled people, and equal pay for equal value work

What must be done-

  • priority should be given to macroeconomic policies to support job creation and investment demand along with taxation, infrastructure and sectoral policy to improve productivity.

  • Policies should be adopted in order to promote businesses and small businesses in order to boost credit flows while fostering the transition from informal to formal.

  • The implementation of policies centred on people to reduce inequalities is required. These include measures for social protection, wage policies, increased inspection of workforce, increased participation of women in the labour market and protection of collective negotiations.

  • Policies must be implemented to help women enter the workforce and enable them to take advantage of fair maternity and family-related work policy.

‘Youth employment’

The proportion of youth who do not work, education or training decreases substantially by 2020

What must be done-

  • Develop youth employment strategy balanced with targeted interventions like employment search assistance or measures to support young entrepreneurs in an integrated strategy for growth and job creation.

  • Address skills inappropriate by ensuring that training programmes satisfy needs on the labour market and by introducing vocational technical education and training components of work experience.

  • Invest in innovative forms of social protection for workers in vulnerable jobs, in order to improve income security.

‘Forced labour and child labour’

Take immediate and effective action to eliminate forced labour, stop modern slavery and human trafficking and ensure that child labour, including recruitment and use of infant soldiers, is prohibited and abolished by 2025 in all forms of child labour.

What must be done-

  • The national level must implement international labour standards – which provide a strong framework to tackle children and forced labour.

  • There is a need for a multifaceted approach to ending child labour, including legislation, children's access to education, family social protection and labour market policy.

  • A national ratification is required for the 2014 ILO Protocol on forced labour that includes measures to address modern forms of slavery.

‘Safety and health at work’

Protect workers' rights and promote safe and secure labour environment for all workers, especially migrants and precarious workers, including migrant workers

What must be done-

  • There is an urgent need for action to develop a global prevention culture which respects both employers and workers' rights and responsibilities in a safe and safe working environment.

  • It is vital that the basic rights and standards of the ILO are implemented at national level. Vulnerable groups, including migrants, need special attention to guarantee the protection of their rights and to improve their working conditions

Sustainable Development Goals


End poverty in all its forms everywhere

  • Eradicate extreme poverty by 2030, measured at less than $1.25 a day for all people everywhere.

  • By 2030, to reduce, according to the national definitions, at least half the percentage of men, women and children living in poverty

  • Implementing social protection systems nationally appropriate

  • Ensure equal rights, including microfinance, for all men and women, to financial resources

  • By 2030, resilience to and risk of extreme climate-related events and further economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters is increased, while exposure to these and their vulnerability is reduced.

  • To establish good national, regional and international policies based on gender-sensitive development strategies in order to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication activities at national, regional and international levels.

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture