Search

Evolution Of Women Related Laws



किसी को भी मत कहने दो कि तुम कमजोर हो क्योंकि तुम एक औरत हो


This Article is written by Tejashwani Bhushan a second-year BA LLB student at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University in Delhi. In this article it has been mentioned the Historical side, this paper covers the side of woman from past history to the current world. It shows how the law of our country has contributed its best to alter the lives of woman, Education and economic development, In this article it’s additionally been highlighted the women’s social and cultural rights and additionally the the government has provided rules to make sure women’s right to equality and providing them with equal opportunities so as to boost their standing within the society.


Introduction

A lady, wife, mother, grandmother, altogether every woman is the keystone of their family. This world is incomplete without a woman. It can never be denied that progress in terms of gender equality is uneven, however the equal pay and political illustration of men and women to visualize simply however wrong they're. From the very beginning of this world women are treated as the weaker section of the society and they are the victims of the crimes like rape, eve teasing, female infanticide, dowry, domestic violence, child marriage and acid throwing. Violence in opposite of women, especially sexual violence, It is a serious cover in India, and womens always been victims of the crimes such as 'Murder, Robbery, Cheating' etc, the crimes which are directed specifically against women, are characterized as 'Crime against Women'. Many women who are harassed by their husbands and in-laws files case under 498A. Lots of them live in rural areas, unaware of law or lack of necessary economic and moral support from their families.

Women are so pure, whatever they’re going with they carry the smiles on their faces and freshly cooked meals on the tables, they used to wait for their husbands to come back home from work, their ambitions were only centered on the marriage, fulfillment of the role of a proud housewife and devoted mother and the economic security for their husbands. Womens at that time they were only allowed to live beneath the shoes of their husbands and fathers, its always been a problem that the position of women did not progress,The conception of equality remains at emergent stage in these areas. Law is a system of rules created and enforced to govern and to settle the behaviour of people. Rules are being created to secure the lives of the ladies from the violence of their families and societies, and to produce them the rights that they're the real house owners.

Despite some basic changes in the status and role of women in the society, No society treats its women equally as the men are being treated. The standing of women in India has been subject to several changes over the span of recorded Indian history, There have been huge changes for women in terms of employment in the past decades, Women moving into paid employment outside the home in ways that their grandmothers and even their mothers could only dream of, This way of thinking is killing many women within the name of family honour and has destroyed many families at length. Gender based mostly crime and discrimination is simply destroying the society. Ones thinking will never change until they don’t respect women. The women may be limited in a small way because of their being women, they are no more called the weaker sex!

Why it is important that boys have to leave there village for better opportunities and girls needs to stop there studies? Why always a girl need to survive and boys need to live?


Historical Aspect

If we uncover the leaf of history not at any place men and women were treated alike and assigned the same status. Women have been always fighting for their rights and position in society. The dominating environment, fought for themselves and their countries. Indian society, which had undergone a drastic change since the vedic ages, had curtailed several rights of women and had limited the participation of women in public life. At the ancient time the women either worked in factories or were working as the labours, but they were very lessly allowed to study. The society was normalising if the girls will work outside or as the labourers or to become the shokeepers but they won’t accept if they will study and went some other place for higher studies.


In the time of medieval period the status of women in hindu society was lowered, Before marriage the girls supposed to be remain under the care of fathers, after marriage that of husband and during widowhood that of the children. The women were supposed to serve their husband and that was their foremost duty. It was during the period when ‘Sutee’ system came to stay in the society. ‘Sutee’ remained primarily a privilege of the higher castes. During this period they don’t have the alternative to choose there life partner. After the establishment of British rule in India a major changes occurred in the Indian Society.

A higher women literacy rate improves the quality of life both at home and outside the home, by encouraging and promoting education of children, especially female children, and in reducing the infant mortality rate. Formation of educational institutions and introduction of English education had a wide ranging affect to give way the age-long belief. The English educated group also paid observation towards the reform in the social norms and traditions more particularly they were conscious about the social status of women in india.


During the British Raj, many reformers such as ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar and Jyotirao Phule fought for the betterment of women. Peary Charan Sarkar, a former student of Hindu. College, Calcutta and a member of "Young Bengal", set up the first free school for girls in India in 1847 in Barasat.

After Independence, the academic rights of womens were promoted and that they were created attentive to the worth of education. The quantitative relation of girls following higher studies and taking education improved bit by bit since then. the govt. provided many advantages to girls like scholarship, loan facilities, hostel facilities etc, World Health Organization needed to travel bent pursue instruction. By obtaining such advantages an oversized range of girls area unit able to pursue instruction these days. Separate colleges and schools are established for ladies alone. Separate universities are additionally established that area unit among the distinguished universities these days and admits the ladies getting advantage ranks. There area unit several engineering and medical universities in India specially for ladies that provides them with a good quality of education and facilitate in enhancing their careers.

Several women have served in various senior official positions in the Indian government, including that of the President of India, the Prime Minister of India, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. However, many women in India continue to face significant difficulties. The rates of malnutrition are exceptionally high among adolescent girls and pregnant and lactating women in India, with repercussions for children's health.During the British East India Company rule (1757–1857), and the British Raj (1858–1947), measures aiming at amelioration were enacted, including Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829, Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856, Female Infanticide Prevention Act, 1870, and Age of Consent Act, 1891. Women's rights under the Constitution of India mainly include equality, dignity, and freedom from discrimination; additionally, India has various statutes governing the rights of women.

Women in India now can participate openly in every feild such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sectors, science and technology, etc. Indira Gandhi, who served as Prime Minister of India for an aggregate period of fifteen years, is the world's longest serving female Prime Minister.



Women's achievements in India


The immovable change in the position of women can be highlighted by looking at what has been achieved by women in the country:

1848: Savitribai Phule, along with her husband Jyotirao Phule, opened a school for girls in Pune, India. Savitribai Phule became the first woman teacher in India.

1879: John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune established the Bethune School in 1849, which developed into the Bethune College in 1879, thus becoming the first women's college in India.

Rukhmabai, the second practising female physician in India, the publicity around whose child marriage and subsequent dissolution led.

Sarla Thakral became the first Indian woman to fly an aircraft in 1936

1883: Chandramukhi Basu and Kadambini Ganguly became the first female graduates of India and the British Empire.

1886: Kadambini Ganguly and Anandi Gopal Joshi became the first women from India to be trained in Western medicine.

1898: Sister Nivedita Girls' School was inaugurated

1905: Suzanne RD Tata becomes the first Indian woman to drive a car.[46]

1916: The first women's university, SNDT Women's University, was founded on 2 June 1916 by the social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve with just five students.

1917: Annie Besant became the first female president of the